Patellofemoral Arthritis – Frisco, TX
The orthopedic surgeons at OrthoTexas, Frisco provide effective treatment for a wide range of knee conditions. They have extensive experience in using surgical and non-surgical intervention approaches to treat Patellofemoral Arthritis.

Patellofemoral Arthritis

Arthritis that affects the patella (kneecap) is termed as Patellofemoral Arthritis. The patella is a bone located in front of the knee that joins the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (shin bone). It enables the forward and backward movement of the knee. The patella is placed in a groove within the knee and is surrounded by the articular cartilage. The wear and tear or inflammation of this particular cartilage disrupts the knee movement. The resulting increase in friction between the bones leads to Arthritis. It greatly hampers the movement of the joint and affects the patient’s ability to carry out daily activities.

Causes Of Patellofemoral Arthritis

  • Fracture of the knee cap can damage the articular cartilage leading to friction between the bones
  • Improper placement of the patella in the knee cavity wears down the cartilage
  • Obesity, ageing, overuse of knee joint
  • Direct trauma to the knee
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis that affects the entire knee joint
  • Injury to the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) which increases the pressure on the patella

Symptoms Of Patellofemoral Arthritis

  • Sharp pain in front of the knee where the bone is located
  • Pain may increase while climbing stairs, bending, squatting, walking, getting up from a low rise seat
  • A cracking sound (crepitus) may be heard or felt when the affected knee is moved.
  • Stiffness in the knee joint
  • Instability in the knees
  • Swelling and tenderness
  • Change in gait

Diagnosis Of Patellofemoral Arthritis

  • Physical examination by an orthopedic doctor to assess the range of motion and severity of damage
  • Evaluation of the patient’s medical history
  • Measurement of the limb length
  • Examination of the hip, thigh muscles, spine and both the knees
  • Further diagnosis may be done using radiography or arthroscopy

Treatment Of Patellofemoral Arthritis

  • Non-surgical Treatment
  • Prescription of anti-inflammatory medications
  • Physical therapy may be recommended by the doctor to help improve muscular strength of the knee joint
  • Avoid activities that aggravate the pain
  • Low-impact exercises such as walking and swimming may help to reduce stiffness
  • Shedding excessive body weight may reduce the pressure on the knee joint

Surgical Treatment

  • Surgical realignment of the soft tissues in the knee cap
  • Surgical cartilage grafting which involves transfer of healthy cartilage from other part of the body to the knee joint
  • Surgical replacement of the Patellofemoral bone and cartilage using metallic or plastic implants
  • Chondroplasty- in case of mild or moderate cartilage damage, incisions are made around the kneecap to smooth the rough edges of bone and cartilage.
  • Tibial Tuberosity Transfer- surgical alteration of the position of the knee cap

For diagnosis and treatment of Patellofemoral Arthritis, visit OrthoTexas, Frisco. To schedule an appointment with the knee surgeons, call at (214) 618 – 5502.