The board certified physicians at OrthoTexas, Frisco, TX specialize in treating various orthopedic conditions of the knee. Their area of expertise also includes performing arthroscopic replacement and reconstructive surgery of the knee.

Kneecap Dislocation

Kneecap (Patellar) dislocation is a common condition caused due to a sudden twist or change in the direction of the legs. Patella is a triangle shaped bone that slips over the knee when you try to bend or straighten the knee. A kneecap dislocation occurs when thus bone is displaced or moves out of its normal position. Due to this, the ligaments and muscles in the interior of the knee become prone to damage due to overstretching.

Causes Of Kneecap Dislocation

  • Direct hit on the knee
  • Weak inner quadriceps muscles
  • Excessive twisting or jumping activities
  • Making rapid changes in direction
  • Twisting with the foot planted on the ground
  • High impact injury to the knee, such as in a motor vehicle accident

Symptoms Of Kneecap Dislocation

  • Severe and sudden pain
  • Visible deformity in the knee
  • Bruising and discoloration
  • Pain increases while trying to straighten the knee
  • Swelling and tenderness around the knee joint
  • Feeling that the knee may give out
  • Instability of the knee
  • Difficulty to stand and walk
  • Hypermobile kneecap
  • Popping sensation at the time of the injury

Diagnosis For Kneecap Dislocation

To diagnose a kneecap dislocation, the orthopedic doctor may physically examine the knee to look for visible signs of deformity. He may also recommend certain imaging tests like X-rays and MRI scans to evaluate the extent to which the patella has been displaced.

Treatment For Kneecap Dislocation

  • RICE Approach: This is the most initial step in treatment for kneecap dislocation. Give complete rest to the affected knee, apply ice packs, compress with a bandage and keep it elevated above the heart level. This will help to reduce swelling and pain.
  • Braces: The orthopedic doctor may prescribe wearing a cast or brace to provide support to the knee. This will also help to reposition the patella to its original place.
  • Physical Therapy: The stretching exercises involved in the physical therapy can help to build core strength in the muscles surrounding the knee joint. Rehabilitation programs can also improve your techniques of walking, jumping, running and landing in order to prevent recurrent dislocations.  
  • Surgery: If the symptoms are severe or do not subside with the conservative treatment options, surgery might be needed. During the procedure, the orthopedic surgeon may readjust the kneecap and surrounding muscles to restore the normal anatomy of the knee.  

To schedule an appointment with the knee specialists at OrthoTexas, Frisco, TX, you can call at (214) 618 – 5502.