Combined Knee Ligament Injuries – Frisco, TX
The knee joint comprises of three bones, namely femur, tibia and patella or the kneecap. A number of ligaments help to connect bones with one another and aid in proper movement of the knee. There are four main ligaments in the knee: lateral collateral, medial collateral, posterior cruciate and anterior cruciate ligament.

The ligaments and surrounding muscles of the knee are prone to injury or sprains, particularly in the case of sportspersons. The medial collateral ligament is more often injured as compared to the lateral collateral ligament. Based on the severity of the pain, ligament sprains are divided into three categories:

  • Grade 1: Mild damage to the ligament
  • Grade 2: Partial tear in the ligament due to overstretching
  • Grade 3: Complete tear of the ligament

Combined knee ligament injuries involve two or more ligaments at the same time. Multiple injuries can lead to severe complications such as disrupted blood supply to the leg. It is important to immediately get in touch with a knee doctor in case you suspect a combined knee ligament injury.

Causes Of Combined Knee Ligament Injuries

  • Sudden twisting of the knee
  • Getting a hard blow on the knee
  • Landing on a bent knee
  • Hyperextension of the knee
  • Abrupt shifting of weight from knee to the other

Symptoms Of Combined Knee Ligament Injuries

  • Sudden and severe pain in the knee
  • A “popping” sound at the time of injury
  • Inability to put weight on the injured joint
  • A feeling of “looseness” or instability in the knee joint
  • Inflammation, that occurs within a few hours after the injury

Diagnosis Of Combined Knee Ligament Injuries

  • The medical history of the patient may be noted down to determine the cause of injury
  • The patient is asked to perform certain knee movements to test range of motion and extent of injury
  • Imaging tests such as X-Rays, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and CT scan may also conducted to have a closer look at the internal structure of the injured ligaments

Treatment For Combined Knee Ligament Injuries

A combined knee ligament injury that is mild or moderate in nature can generally be treated with conservative treatment methods.

Non-surgical treatment

  • The patient may be advised to give complete rest to the knee and not put any strain on it
  • The doctor may advise temporary use of crutches for walking purposes
  • The knee should be elevated on a pillow when the patient is lying on the bed
  • Application of ice packs may  prove to be helpful in reducing pain and inflammation
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may also provide respite from inflammation
  • Compressing the knee using an elastic bandage may help in managing swelling caused by the injury
  • A knee brace may be worn to stabilize the knee and ensure that it does not get injured again
  • Stretching and strengthening exercises may be recommended depending on the condition of the patient

Surgical treatment

  • Surgery may be essential for severe combined knee ligament injuries as non-surgical methods will not provide relief in such cases
  • Collateral ligament tears can be repaired by attaching the ligament back to the bone
  • On the other hand, the cruciate ligaments cannot be repaired and need to be reconstructed using tendons from other parts of the patient’s legs