Biceps FemorisTendinopathy
Biceps FemorisTendinopathy - Frisco, TX

The hamstring is a group of three muscles - biceps femoris, semitendinosus and the semimembranosus, which enable us to bend the knee and move the hip. The biceps femoris muscle is attached to the lower leg bone called fibula and runs along the outer back side of the thigh. An injury to this muscle in the form of tear or a stretch is referred to as the Biceps Femoral Tendinopathy. The condition usually affects sports persons.

Causes

  • Overuse injuries that may go unnoticed over a period of time. These may cause micro tears in the muscle fibres and eventually lead to a complete rupture
  • Sports activities that involve a lot of accelerating and decelerating processes
  • The hamstring muscle is abnormally tight in some people which may make it prone to ruptures
  • Lack of warm up before the exercise or sport
  • Being overweight stresses the muscle or tendons
  • Muscular imbalances or inherent problems with the joint alignment
  • Excessive running

Symptoms

  • Pain is felt on the back or outer part of the knee joint
  • Swelling may be seen due to inflammation of the muscles or tendons
  • Limited range of motion
  • The muscle feels tight when the leg is moved
  • Tenderness under the buttocks or at the back of the knee
  • Pain gets aggravated with physical activity or if the knee is bent

Diagnosis

  • The patient’s medical history and daily activities are discussed
  • Palpation techniques reveal the location of the injury
  • The doctor may ask the patient to move the leg in different directions to assess the loss of range of motion
  • An MRI scan may be done in some cases to assess the extent of damage to the soft tissue structures

Treatment

  • Rest and abstaining from any strenuous exercise may be recommended until the acute phase of pain and discomfort subsides
  • Cryotherapy may help to bring down the inflammation and can be done within the first 24-72 hours of injury
  • Compression using a soft elastic bandage may help
  • Keep the lower extremities elevated while lying down
  • Non steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines may be prescribed
  • Heat pads and retainers may be used after 72 hours of injury
  • Use of knee support devices can provide support to the joint
  • Specific exercises that focus on hamstring muscles need to be incorporated in daily regime
  • Avoid running uphill or downhill or sitting for too long
  • Proper conditioning of the muscles and warm up need to be carried out before playing a sport
  • Kinesio taping- a thin elastic tape made of cotton fibres is attached to the skin for support. It resembles human skin in its properties and therefore can be worn without causing any restriction to the joint movement

For complete treatment of Biceps FemorisTendinopathy, consult the doctors at OrthoTexas, Frisco. To schedule an appointment,  call at (214) 618-5502.